OVERVIEW

In 2008, the Luxembourg Guidance Forum recommended the creation of a national Guidance Centre. The aim of this initiative was to improve the coordination of guidance counselling provided by educational and public employment services, by professional chambers and private institutions on a local and on a national level. (Maison de l’orientation). One of the missions of the Centre was to propose a coherent concept of lifelong guidance based on individual development and not on selection, separation or matching. Guidance should refer to a series of activities that help citizens at any time of their lives to identify their capabilities, skills and interests. This allows them to make well-informed decisions concerning their choice of studies and trainings as well as their professional activities, with the purpose of serving their personal development and the development of society.

The Ministry of Education, Children and Youth, the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and the Ministry of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy are responsible for guidance issues. The Ministry of Education, Children and Youth is in charge of day-to-day management of the Guidance Centre.

POLICY

The bill on  the organisation of the Guidance Centre and providing for the creation of a Coordination Service for Educational and Vocational Guidance (Service de coordination de la Maison de l’orientation) was passed in the Parliament in 2017. It provides a legal basis for the Guidance Forum gathering all political stakeholders, professional chambers and institutions concerned by guidance matters and whose mission is to advise and coordinate the services offered by the Guidance Centre and its partners.

A reference framework for educational and vocational guidance has been elaborated by the Coordination Service in collaboration with the stakeholders associated with the Guidance Centre and the department for Coordination of Educational and Technological Research and Innovation. It lays down the minimal standards to be respected by secondary schools during the implementation of their educational and vocational career counselling. It is also used to structure, guide and evaluate all the actions and initiatives taken in the counselling process. The main goal is to provide the best possible guidance to students in transition.

SERVICES AND PRACTICE

The national Guidance Centre brings together in a single-access point all the government authorities and services in charge of assisting people in shaping their career paths:

  • Centre for Psycho-Social and Educational Accompaniment (Centre psycho-social et d’accompagnement scolaires – CePAS). The CePAS offers guidance interviews and support for young people and their families. The CePAS provides young people with the methods and knowledge enabling them to develop their ability to be responsible and independent. It teaches them self-guidance so that they become able to build their own personal development and career plans (Ministry of Education, Children and Youth).
  • Vocational Guidance Service of public employment services PES (Service d’orientation professionnelle de l’Agence pour le développement de l’emploi - ADEM OP). This service body offers job guidance interviews and information sessions for young people and adults on how to choose an appropriate job. This service is in charge of apprenticeship placements for youngsters and adults (Ministry of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy).
  • National Youth Service (Service National de la Jeunesse - SNJ). Through its regional offices, the SNJ offers concrete opportunities for young people to gather practical experience in voluntary service projects. Local Antenna for Youngsters (Antenne locale pour jeunes -ALJ) is a department of the National Youth Service. The ALJ offers individual guidance in drawing up and carrying out a professional project, during the transitional phase, between school and the labour market (Ministry of Education, Children and Youth).
  • Department for Schooling of Foreign Children (Service de scolarité des enfants étrangers - SECAM). The SECAM is for young people between the ages of 12 and 24 who have recently moved to the Grand Duchy and wish to enter the school system to continue their studies. The SECAM also provides assistance to teachers, as well as intercultural mediation (Ministry of Education, Children and Youth.)

The Centre for Documentation and Information on Higher Education (Centre de Documentation et d'Information sur l'Enseignement Supérieur – CEDIES) collaborates with the various departments of the Guidance Centre. CEDIES offers advice and information on higher education in Luxembourg and abroad. It also offers financial support such as grants and loans to eligible students (Ministry of Higher Education and Research).

On a local level, in each secondary school, a Guidance Unit (Cellule d’orientation) is responsible for the guidance approach set out in the school's development plan in accordance with the reference framework for educational and vocational guidance. The guidance unit works together with the Service for Psycho-Social and Educational Accompaniment (Service psycho-social et d’accompagnement scolaires – SePAS), a team of psychologist(s), social worker(s), educator(s) and teacher(s) offering individual career counselling to students (post-primary education) and their families.

Furthermore, teachers and social pedagogues from the Local Antenna for Youngsters (ALJ) work in the preparatory section of secondary schools in order to accompany the pupils’ transition from school to apprenticeship or labour market. On a regional level and outside schools, ALJ also offers a personalised accompaniment of young people during the transition period between school and work, as well as support in the realisation of educational/vocational projects for young NEET.

The Vocational Guidance Service of PES (ADEM OP) also offers individual and collective career counselling and vocational guidance on a regional level for youngsters and adults who are looking for an appropriate profession or training.

TRAINING

In Luxembourg, there is no higher education course for educational, vocational or lifelong guidance. Counsellors who work in the field of guidance generally have either a bachelor’s degree in social and educational sciences, a master's degree in psychology or in social sciences and educational sciences. Teachers of secondary education may work as guidance teachers.

Guidance practitioners acquire their specific skills through in-service or continuous training organised in accordance with the reference framework for educational and vocational guidance, by the National Education Institute of Training, the Centre for Psycho-Social and Educational Accompaniment, the Public Employment Service or private training institutions.

 

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

There is no national research centre specialised in guidance questions. However, studies are often commissioned by the different guidance services in order to evaluate the impact of their work and their counselling methods. Research institutions:

  University of Luxembourg

  Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE)

  University of Luxembourg

  Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE)

 

ETHICS

Guidance counsellors work according to the code of deontology inherent in their profession and the guidance service they belong to.

Last update by ©Euroguidance Luxembourg (May 2018)